Garry kasparov là ai

Twenty-three years after he lost lớn Deep Blue, Kasparov says people need to work with machines. You have to lớn “nudge the flochồng of intelligent algorithms.”

“I always say I was the first knowledge worker whose job was threatened by a machine,” says Garry Kasparov of his loss khổng lồ IBM's Deep Blue in 1997.Photograph: Schảy Honda/Getty Images
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Garry Kasparov is perhaps the greathử nghiệm chess player in history. For almost two decades after becoming world champion in 1985, he dominated the game with a ferocious style of play and an equally ferocious swagger.

Outside the chess world, however, Kasparov is best known for losing to lớn a machine. In 1997, at the height of his powers, Kasparov was crushed và cowed by an IBM supercomputer called Deep Blue. The loss sent shochồng waves across the world, và seemed lớn herald a new era of machine mastery over man.

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The years since have sầu put things into perspective. Personal computers have sầu grown vastly more powerful, with smartphones now capable of running chess engines as powerful as Deep Blue alongside other apps. More significantly, thanks khổng lồ recent progress in artificial intelligence, machines are learning và exploring the game for themselves.

Deep Blue followed hand-coded rules for playing chess. By contrast, AlphaZero, a program revealed by the Alphabet subsidiary DeepMind in 2017, taught itself to play the game at a grandmaster cấp độ simply by practicing over và over. Most remarkably, AlphaZero uncovered new approaches to the game that dazzled chess experts.

Last week, Kasparov returned to lớn the scene of his famous Deep Blue defeat—the ballroom of a New York hotel—for a debate with AI experts organized by the Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence. He met with senior writer Will Knight there to lớn discuss chess, AI, và a strategy for staying a step ahead of machines. An edited transcript follows:

1997 was an unpleasant experience, but it helped me underst& the future of human-machine collaboration. We thought we were unbeatable, at chess, Go, shogi. All these games, they have sầu been gradually pushed khổng lồ the side . But it doesn't mean that life is over. We have khổng lồ find out how we can turn it khổng lồ our advantage.

I always say I was the first knowledge worker whose job was threatened by a machine. But that helps me khổng lồ communicate a message baông chồng lớn the public. Because, you know, nobody toàn thân can suspect me of being pro-computers.

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What message vì chưng you want to give people about the impact of AI?

I think it's important that people recognize the element of inevitability. When I hear outcry that AI is rushing in and destroying our lives, that it's so fast, I say no, no, it's too slow.

"I always say I was the first knowledge worker whose job was threatened by a machine."

Garry Kasparov

Every công nghệ destroys jobs before creating jobs. When you look at the statistics, only 4 percent of jobs in the US require human creativity. That means 96 percent of jobs, I Điện thoại tư vấn them zombie jobs. They're dead, they just don’t know it.

For several decades we have been training people lớn act lượt thích computers, & now we are complaining that these jobs are in danger. Of course they are. We have sầu lớn look for opportunities khổng lồ create jobs that will emphasize our strengths. Technology is the main reason why so many of us are still alive to complain about giải pháp công nghệ. It's a coin with two sides. I think it's important that, instead of complaining, we look at how we can move forward faster.

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When these jobs start disappearing, we need new industries, we need khổng lồ build foundations that will help. Maybe it’s universal basic income, but we need lớn create a financial cushion for those who are left behind. Right now it's a very defensive reaction, whether it comes from the general public or from big CEOs who are looking at AI và saying it can improve the bottom line but it’s a blachồng box. I think it's we still struggling to understand how AI will fit in.

Chuyên mục: Tin Tức
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