So Sánh Google Chrome Và Firefox, Trình Duyệt Web Nào Nhẹ


A new browser setting will bởi vì what Do Not Trachồng didn’t, but you could switch to a more private browser right now.

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Chrome and Safari are two of the more popular browser options out there, but they have different approaches lớn user privacy. Jakub Porzycki/NurPholớn via Getty Images

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Data privacy laws are still a work in progress, but one major improvement is coming: Global Privacy Control, which — assuming everything works out — will let you automatically opt out of having your data sold or shared at every website you visit. For now, it doesn’t vì much, but it is available if you want lớn add it lớn your browser. If nothing else, the recent launch of the new specification is a great opportunity to lớn check out your browser’s privacy options — and your browser options in general.

Trackers hidden on the vast majority of websites collect as much information about us as possible and try khổng lồ link that data to lớn our actions online as well as off, typically to sover us targeted ads. The idea behind Global Privacy Control would be lớn place a setting on your browser that tells every site you visit that you don’t want your data to be sold or shared with anyone else, & websites would have sầu to respect your wishes. While some browsers have built-in tools (or available extensions) meant lớn stop tracking in the first place, they aren’t always effective sầu, & they can’t vì chưng anything once your data is collected. And while laws like the California Consumer Privacy Act (CCPA) give sầu users the right to lớn request that businesses not sell their data, those users have sầu lớn make that request of every site they visit, a process that is too time-consuming for most people. With Global Privacy Control, that request would be automatic, relayed as soon as you visit the site, and, if you’re in a location where it’s legally required — lượt thích California — websites would have sầu to abide by your request.

If a browser extension that tells websites your privacy preferences sounds familiar, that’s because something like this has been tried before. Do Not Trachồng, introduced in 2010, was an attempt by the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) to lớn institute a sort of digital equivalent lớn the Do Not điện thoại tư vấn list: a browser extension or setting that tells websites you visit that you don’t want to be tracked. The problem with Do Not Track was that websites weren’t legally required lớn comply with it, so very few of them did.

Ashkan Soltani was part of the Do Not Traông chồng effort back in 2010 as a staff technologist at the FTC and has spent most of his career researching and investigating internet privacy & tracking. He’s the co-author of CCPA và an upcoming ballot measure in California called Proposition 24 that would amend it. Unsurprisingly, then, he’s also behind Global Privacy Control.

Soltani told Recode that he’s pretty optimistic that Global Privacy Control will be able khổng lồ vày what Do Not Track couldn’t. CCPA includes a provision for browser “global privacy controls” regarding data selling and sharing, và a requirement that websites follow them. Do Not Traông xã couldn’t be used for this because “track” means more than just the sale or sharing of data; it’s too broad. Global Privacy Control, however, is more specific và limited khổng lồ what the law requires.

“It would have sầu been igiảm giá khuyến mãi if the had adopted Do Not Traông xã as the mechanism, but unfortunately their opinion was that couldn’t be used,” Soltani told Recode. “Hence, Global Privacy Control.”

The triông xã now is getting California to lớn approve Global Privacy Control as the global privacy control called for in the law, at which point websites will be legally bound khổng lồ follow it. In the meantime, a few websites have sầu already agreed khổng lồ bởi vì so voluntarily, including the Thủ đô New York Times and the Washington Post.

Global Privacy Control may not vày much now, but if you want khổng lồ get it for yourself, it’s available on DuckDuckGo’s sản phẩm điện thoại browser now & in the process of being added khổng lồ the Brave’s browser. Or you can get it through the Privacy Badger extension available for most browsers. But, as Wired points out, it could be several years before Global Privacy Control fully goes into effect, & there’s still no guarantee that it will.

In the meantime, why not take advantage of the website browser privacy options you do have? Some are better than others, as you’ll see, & even the best browser from a privacy standpoint has its downsides. And you should never assume that your website browsing is 100 percent private because data companies come up with new ways khổng lồ follow you around the mạng internet all the time. With that in mind, here’s a rundown on what’s out there.

Google Chrome: Popular but not very private

The most popular browser by far is Google’s Chrome, so it’s likely what you’re using to lớn read this article right now. But it’s not the most private. In fact, it’s widely considered to lớn be one of the worst. And no, Incognito lớn Mode will not save you. The fact is, Google isn’t all that inclined khổng lồ limit tracking on its services: The company has a massive sầu ad business, part of which relies on the data it collects from users, and that data includes what those users vày on its browser, including data acquired through the many trackers Google puts on websites. And, if you have sầu a Google trương mục and stay logged in while using Chrome, that will be linked to your trương mục on Google’s other platforms, lượt thích Gmail & YouTube.

Having all of your accounts linked lớn one company in this way might be part of Chrome’s appeal for you và worth whatever privacy trade-offs you have sầu to make. If you want khổng lồ keep using Chrome, there are a few things you can vì to lớn reduce tracking. Chrome’s privacy settings let you blochồng third-các buổi party cookies, and, in the settings for your Google account, you can turn off ad personalization & use activity controls khổng lồ turn off things lượt thích website activity tracking và location history. You can also add browser extensions like Privacy Badger, DuckDuckGo, & Ghostery that blochồng trackers. But why add a bunch of extensions when you can get a browser that already does the job?

Microsoft Edge: The new and improved Internet Explorer?

Microsoft used to lớn dominate the browser market with its problematic Internet Explorer. That’s still around, but it’s quickly being replaced by the company’s recently revamped Edge browser, & Microsoft’s web browser market tóm tắt is growing. Your mặc định privacy settings blochồng some trackers, and ad personalization should be turned off by mặc định. You can log into your Microsoft account lớn links Edge with whatever other Microsoft platforms you use, but if the goal here is privacy, that might not be the best idea. If you must, Microsoft does have a privacy dashboard that you can use khổng lồ control privacy settings across your tài khoản, including turning off personalized ads.

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A recent study said Edge was one of the worst browsers for privacy — worse than Chrome, even — because it sent an identifier back lớn Microsoft’s servers. Because the identifier was linked to lớn the device’s hardware, it couldn’t be changed or rephối. That should no longer be the case, but it’s something khổng lồ keep in mind.

Safari: Only for Apple and rather private

Safari is Apple’s native sầu browser, which means it’s also only available for Apple devices (a Windows version is no longer supported). Privacy has long been a selling point for Apple, & it is for Safari as well. Many privacy protections, like blocking third-các buổi tiệc nhỏ cookies, are on by default. Safari also limits the amount of data collected from you & stops trackers from following your activity around the internet, and you can easily find out which trackers are trying to follow you across websites (just click on the little shield ibé in the toolbar). It’s always enlightening lớn give privacy reports lượt thích that a read, just khổng lồ get a sense of who is tracking you, how often, & where.

Firefox: A browser not built by a major tech company

Firefox comes from Mozilla, another company that has made privacy part of its business model — it’s actually part of Mozilla’s manifesto lớn và its nonprofit foundation’s new “Unfchồng the Internet” campaign — và which continues lớn roll out improved privacy protections to lớn keep up with the evolving tracking công nghệ ecosystem. It blocks trackers, third-buổi tiệc nhỏ cookies are off by mặc định, and Mozilla is working on ways lớn bloông chồng fingerprinting, which can track you even if you have sầu cookies blocked.

Browsers built for privacy

Even more private is Brave, which was built specifically to be a private browsing experience as well as a faster one: it blocks ads by mặc định, along with other trackers. Brave also lets you use Tor in its “private window” feature — more on Tor later. There’s also DuckDuckGo, which is best known as a privacy-first tìm kiếm engine but now offers a thiết bị di động browser. Ghostery, which began life as a browser extension that blocked trackers, has also gotten inkhổng lồ the điện thoại browser game.

And then there’s Tor

Tor is as private as it gets. Your traffic is encrypted và routed through several nodes before it reaches its final destination, so not even your ISPhường will know where you go. And you’re in private (or incognito) mode by default, which means all cookies và site data from your session are deleted as soon as you cthua kém the browser. That’s why Tor is known as the browser of choice for people who want lớn bởi illegal things on the dark website. But privacy is for everyone, not just criminals. The big trade-off with Tor is that all that encrypted routing means pages take longer to lớn load, and some sites bloông chồng traffic from the Tor network entirely.

If you’ve sầu never thought much about any of this before, Tor might seem lượt thích a pretty extreme step to lớn take. Fortunately, there are other options out there that will improve sầu your privacy without sacrificing your website browsing experience. And while we wait for privacy laws & tools lượt thích Global Privacy Control khổng lồ become available, they’re a good way to keep your data out of someone else’s hands.

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